|Founded by||Kalyan Chand|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Avg. annual temperature||−3to28°C(27to82°F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||12to28°C(54to82°F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||−3to15°C(27to59°F)|
Temples in Almora
- Nanda Devi Temple
- Kasar Devi Temple
- Chitai Golu Devta Temple
- Katarmal Sun Temple
- Jakhan Devi Temple
- Khagmara Temple
- Murli Manohar Mandir
- Sai Baba Mandir
- Tripura Sundari Temple
- Gangnath Baba Temple
- Kalp Vraksh Temple
- Jagdeshwar Mandir
- Badreshwar mandir
- Maa Vindeswari Temple
- Laxmeshwar Mahadev Temple
- Mahadev Temple
- Syahi Devi Temple
- Gananath Mandir
Welcome To Almora
Almora was founded in 1568 by Kalyan Chand during the rule of the Chand dynasty. Prior to that the region was under the control of Katyuri King Bhaichaldeo who donated a part of Almora to Sri Chand Tiwari.
According to local tradition, the earliest inhabitants in Almora were Tewaris who were required to supply Sorrel daily for cleansing the vessels of sun temple at Katarmal. Ancient lore mentioned in Vishnu Purana and Mahabharata present primordial accounts of human settlements in the City. The Sakas, the Nagas, the Kiratas, the Khasas and the Hunasare credited to be the most ancient tribes. The Kauravas and Pandavas of the Hastinapur royal family were the next important princes from the plains who are said to have affected the conquest of these parts. After the Mahabharata war the district seems to have remained for some time under the sway of the kings of Hastinapur whose authority was never more than nominal. The actual rulers were the local chiefs of whom the Kulindas (or Kunindas) were probably strong in the southern and western part of the city. The Khasas were another ancient people who belonged to an early Aryan stock and were widely scattered in those times. They gave this region the name Khasadesha or Khasamandala.
The next age’s silent of them may probably be the ones signaling many petty states, rivaling each-other for supremacy and ultimately chartering the inauguration of the noted and enduring dynasty of Chands. Earlier to this, the Katyuris are recorded as the dominant clans in copper and stone engravings. The Chand dynasty from their inception in 953 A.D. to their ouster in the late 18th century present a saga of strife, with horrifying series of wars with rulers of Garhwal culminating in the destruction of this prosperous land and establishment of inglorious Gurkha rule. This dynasty was peculiar in that it made Almora the seat of strongest hill power in 1563 A.D. From that time onwards, the limits of kingdom of Kumaon extended over the entire tracts of districts of Almora and Nainital. Towards the end of the 17th century, Chand Rajas again attacked the Garhwal kingdom, and in 1688, king Udyot Chand erected several temples at Almora, including Tripur Sundari, Udyot Chandeshwer and Parbateshwer, to mark his victory over Garhwal and Doti. The Parbateshwar temple was renamed twice, to become the present Nanda Devi temple.
In 1791, the Gorkhas of Nepal while expanding their kingdom westwards across Kali River, invaded and overran Almora. In the meantime, the British were engaged in preventing the Gorkhas from over-running the whole of the northern frontier. The Gorkha rule lasted for twenty-four years. Due to their repeated intrusion into British territories in the Terai from 1800 onwards, Lord Moira, the Governor-General of India, decided to attack Almora in December 1814, marking the beginning of the Anglo-Gorkha war. The war that broke out in 1814, resulted in the defeat of the Gorkhas and subsequently led to the signing of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816. According to the treaty, Nepal had to cede all those territories which the Gorkhas had annexed to the British East India Company. After the war, the old Lal Mandi fort, near Almora was renamed ‘Fort Moira’.
Unlike the neighboring hill stations like Nainital and Shimla which were developed by the British, Almora was developed much before by the Chand kings. The place where the present cantonment is located was formerly known as Lalmandi. Presently where the collectorate exists, the 'Malla Mahal' (Upper Court) of Chand kings was located. The site of present District Hospital used to be 'Talla Mahal' (Lower Court) of Chand rulers. Almora had a Population of 8596 in 1901
Almora- The untouched beauty of India
India in its womb caters the number of beautiful places, cities, hills, and beaches while many of them are explored deeply there are numerous places in India whose beauty is virgin and untouched. One such gem is the beautiful place is ALMORA. Although Almora is a small hamlet situated in the state of Uttarakhand its beauty of hills, snow-capped mountains and green valleys cannot be ignored. This small district is so beautiful and tranquil that you certainly won’t mind staying here for a long period of time.
About the town
“These mountains are associated with the best memories of our race: Here, therefore, must be one of the centers not merely of activity, but more of calmness of meditation, and of peace and I hope someone to realize it.”
-Swami Vivekananda on the town of Almora and its people.
Almora is a cantonment town in the Almora district in the state of Uttarakhand. The town got its name from the plant ‘Kilmora’ which was used to wash the utensils in the Katarmal temple. The small hamlet is situated on a ridge at the southern edge of the Kumaon hills of the Himalayan range at an average elevation of 1861 meters.
The climate of Almora is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The main seasons are summer from March to June, the monsoon season from July to November and winter from December to February. In summer, Almora is largely under the influence of moist, maritime airflow from the western side of the subtropical anticyclonic cells over low-latitude ocean waters. Temperatures are high and can lead to warm, oppressive nights. Summers are usually somewhat wetter than winters, with much of the rainfall coming from convectional thunderstorm activity; tropical cyclones also enhance warm-season rainfall in some regions. The coldest month is usually quite mild, although frosts are not uncommon, and winter precipitation is derived primarily from frontal cyclones along the polar front. The Köppen climate classification subtype for this climate is (Humid Subtropical Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Almora is 23.5 °C or 74.3 °F. The warmest month, on average, is June with an average temperature of 31.1 °C or 88.0 °F. The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 13.3 °C or 55.9 °F. The average amount of precipitation for the year in Almora is 1,132.5 millimetres or 44.59 inches. The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 330.3 millimetres or 13.00 inches of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is November with an average of 4.8 millimetres or 0.19 inches. There are an average of 46.8 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in August with 11.9 days and the least precipitation occurring in November with 0.6 days.
Place to Visit
BRIGHT END CORNER
Vivekananda Corner (New name)
Located at a favourable distance of 2 km from the district of Almora, Bright end corner offers a mesmerizing view of sun rise and sun set on the hills. The beauty of hues of orange, red and yellow at dawn and dusk will leave you breathless. You can also enjoy the panorama of the Himalayan ranges while the majestic hills change its scenery several times a day.
DEER PARK (Almora Zoo)
Situated at the distance of 3 km from the district of Almora, it is one of the main attraction of the city. It draws the number of tourists each year because of being a home to a number of endangered species such as deer, leopard, and Himalayan black beer. The park is surrounded by the lush green pine trees adding to its natural beauty. You can enjoy the leisure walk in the amidst the beautiful wildlife creatures and green environment. Deer park is a must visit place in Almora for all the wildlife lovers.
Zero point is located in the premises of wildlife sanctuary where you can enjoy one of the best views of the grand Himalayan ranges. You can look across 300 km to witness the mesmerizing view of Trishul, Kedarnath, Shivling and Nanda Devi. You have to walk inside the sanctuary for half a kilometer, it is advised to hire the guide for the trek. When you walk half a kilometer to reach the point the beauty of the snowy peaks and the clouds playing hide and seek with the mountains will certainly leave you breathless.
Martola is the beautiful spot located at a distance of 10 km from Almora known for its picturesque sceneries. The place is surrounded by the thick green woods and the lush green gardens making it a hot-spot for picnicking with families and friends. Martola with its bewildering beauty has tempted many foreigners to settle here.
Simtola is situated 3 km from the district of Almora on the opposite side of the horseshoe ridge. It was earlier a site of diamond and granite mining. It offers the pleasant view of the lush green terrains and the mountains covered with pine and deodar trees and misty valleys. Simtola is the famous picnic spot in Almora.
Temples in Almora
CHITAI GOLU DEVTA TEMPLE
The temple is located about 8 km from Almora city and can easily be accessed by the buses or shared taxi. The Chitai Golu Devta Temple is dedicated to Goljyu Devta, the god of justice who is believed to be one of the avatars of Lord Shiva. It is believed to fulfill all the wishes of the worshipper if asked with the clear conscience.
Although the temple is situated a distance of 36 km from the city of Almora, but it is a must visit temple for all spiritual peace. Jageshwar is located at an altitude of 1870 m in the Jataganga river valley on Almora-Pithoragarh highway where the two streams Nandini and Surabhi flow down the hill and meet at a sacred point. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is believed to carry Jyotirlinga dedicated to Lord Shiva . The temple has a cluster of 124 large and small stones dating 9th and 13th century.
KATARMAL SUN TEMPLE
The temple is located at a short distance of 12 km from the city of Almora. After the sun temple at Konark , Orissa, it is considered the second most important sun temple in the country. It was constructed by the Katyuri king in the 9th century. It has 44 small temples around the main deity of Surya. The temple holds the carvings on walls and panels were declared as the site of national importance under the ancient monument and archaeological site.The ancient beauty of this temple truly deserves to be appreciated
KASAR DEVI TEMPLE
Kasar Devi is a Hindu shrine temple dedicated to Kasar Devi. The temple is situated at an altitude of 2116 meters. This temple was also visited by Swami Vivekananda in 17 century for meditation. It offers the beautiful view of the Almora city and Hawabagh valley.
How to reach
Almora is situated at the distance of 365 Km from the capital of the country (Delhi), which is easily accessible by the public transport. For all those who prefer to travel by train, the service of trains the nearest station to Almora is Kathgodam, it is about 81 Km from the city and can be covered in the time of three hours. The best way to travel from Kathgodam to Almora would be take a texi or you can take local bus.