Land of the Gods
 

About Uttarakhand

Coordinates (Dehradun) 30.33 N 78.06 E
Country India
Statehood 9 November 2000
Largest City Dehradun
Districs 13
State Animal Alpine Musk Deer
State Bird Himalayan Monal
State Tree Rhododendron (Buransh)
State Flower Brahm Kamal
Body Guverment of Uttarakhand
Governor Krishan Kant Paul
Chif Ministe Trivendra Singh Rawat (BJP)
Chief Justice K.M. Joseph
Speaker of the House Premchand aggarwal (BJP)
State Legislature Unicameral 71 Seats
Rajya Sabha 3 Seats
Lok Sabha 5 Seats
Total Area 53483 km sq
Area Rank 19th
Local Language Kumaoni, Garhwali
WebSite uk.go.in
 

Languages

Hindi 87.98%
Urdu 5.83%
Punjabi 2.96%
Bangali 1.40%
Napali 1.09%
Other 0.74%
 

Festivals of uttarakhand

  • • Bat savitri
  • • Khatarua
  • • Makar sankranti
  • • Basant panchami
  • • Chippla jaat
  • • Ganga dusshera
  • • Harela and bhitauli
  • • Hilljatra
  • • Janopunyu
  • • Nanda devi raj jaat yatra
  • • Olgia (ghee sankranti)
  • • Phool devi
  • • Uttarakhand holi
 

Fairs of Uttarakhand

  • • Haatkalika fair
  • • Jageshwar fair
  • • Janopunyu
  • • Nandadevi fair
  • • Purnagiri fair
  • • Bagwal
  • • Jauljibi and thal fairs
  • • Kumbh mela
  • • Somnath (masi) fair
  • • Syalde bikhauti
  • • The uttarayani fair
 

Division Of Uttarakhand

Division Of Uttarakhand

Welcome To Devbhoomi Uttarakhand

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The State of Uttarakhand (Uttarākhand Rājya), formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the Devbhumi. (literally "Land of the Gods") due to many Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Uttarakhand is known for the natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai.
On 9 November 2000, Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India, being created from the Himalayan and adjoining north western districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders Tibet to the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal to the east; and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west as well as Haryana on its south-western corner. The state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts. The interim capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city of the state, which is a railhead. The High Court of the state is located in Nainital. Archaeological evidence supports the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. The region formed a part of the Kuru and the Panchal kingdoms (mahajanpads) during the Vedic age of Ancient India. Among the first major dynasties of Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an early form of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the early presence of Buddhism in this region. During the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Kumaon Kingdom and Garhwal Kingdom. In 1816, most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli. Although the erstwhile hill kingdoms of Garhwal and Kumaon were traditional rivals, the proximity of different neighboring ethnic groups and the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds between the two regions which further strengthened during the Uttarakhand movement for statehood in the 1990s.
The natives of the state are generally called Uttarakhandi, or more specifically either Garhwali or Kumaoni by their region of origin. According to the 2011 Census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,086,292, making it the 19th most populous state in India.

Word Origin

Uttarakhand's name is derived from the Sanskrit words uttara (उत्तर) meaning 'north', and khaṇḍa (खण्ड) meaning 'land', altogether simply meaning 'Northern Land'. The name finds mention in early Hindu scriptures as the combined region of "Kedarkhand" (present day Garhwal) and "Manaskhand" (present day Kumaon). Uttarakhand was also the ancient Puranic (पौराणिक) term for the central stretch of the Indian Himalayas.
However, the region was given the name Uttaranchal by the Bharatiya Janata Party led central government and Uttar Pradesh state government when they started a new round of state reorganisation in 1998. Chosen for its allegedly less separatist connotations, the name change generated enormous controversy among many activists for a separate state who saw it as a political act. The name Uttarakhand remained popular in the region, even while Uttaranchal was promulgated through official usage. In August 2006, Union Cabinet of India assented to the demands of the Uttaranchal Legislative Assembly and leading members of the Uttarakhand statehood movement to rename Uttaranchal state as Uttarakhand. Legislation to that effect was passed by the Uttaranchal Legislative Assembly in October 2006, and the Union Cabinet brought in the bill in the winter session of Parliament. The bill was passed by Parliament and signed into law by then President Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam in December 2006, and since January 1, 2007 the state has been known as Uttarakhand.

Traditional

Uttarakhand has a multiethnic population spread across two geocultural regions: the Garhwal, and the Kumaon. A large portion of the population is Rajput, including members of the native Garhwali, Kumaoni and Gujjar communities, as well as a number of immigrants. According to a 2007 study by Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Uttarakhand has the highest percentage of Brahmins of any state in India, with approximately 20% of the population being Brahmin. 18.76% of the population belongs to the Scheduled Castes. Scheduled Tribes, such as the Tharu, Jaunsari, Buksa, Bhotiya and Rajiconstitute 2.89% of the population.

Culture

Uttarakhand's diverse ethnicities have created a rich literary tradition in languages including Hindi, Kumaoni, Garhwali, Jaunsari, and Bhoti. Many of its traditional tales originated in the form of lyrical ballads and chanted by itinerant singers and are now considered classics of Hindi literature. Ganga Prasad Vimal, Manohar Shyam Joshi, Prasoon Joshi, Shekhar Joshi, Shailesh Matiyani, Shivani, Sangeet Natak Akademi Awardee Mohan Upreti, B. M. Shah, Sahitya Akademi awardee Manglesh Dabraland Jnanpith awardee Sumitranandan Pant are some major literary figures from the region. Prominent philosopher and environmental activist Sundarlal Bahuguna and Vandana Shiva are also from Uttarakhand, so is country music singer, Bobby Cash. The dances of the region are connected to life and human existence and exhibit myriad human emotions. Langvir Nritya is a dance form for males that resembles gymnastic movements. Barada Nati folk dance is another dance of Jaunsar-Bawar, which is practised during some religious festivals. Other well-known dances include Hurka Baul, Jhora-Chanchri, Jhumaila, Chauphula, and Chholiya. Music is an integral part of the Uttarakhandi culture. Popular types of folk songs include Mangal, Basanti, Khuded and Chhopati. These folk songs are played on instruments including dhol, damau, turri, ransingha, dholki, daur, thali, bhankora, mandan and mashakbaja. "Bedu Pako" is a popular folk song of Uttarakhand with international fame and legendary status within the state. It serves as the unofficial state anthem of Uttarakhand. Music is also used as a medium through which the gods are invoked. Jagar is a form of spirit worship in which the singer, or Jagariya, sings a ballad of the gods, with allusions to great epics, like Mahabharat and Ramayana, that describe the adventures and exploits of the god being invoked. Narendra Singh Negi and Mina Rana are popular folk singers of the region. Among the prominent local crafts is wood carving, which appears most frequently in the ornately decorated temples of Uttarakhand. Intricately carved designs of floral patterns, deities, and geometrical motifs also decorate the doors, windows, ceilings, and walls of village houses. Paintings and murals are used to decorate both homes and temples. Pahari painting is a form of painting that flourished in the region between the 17th and 19th century. Mola Ram started the Garhwal Branch of the Kangra school of painting. Guler State was known as the "cradle of Kangra paintings". Kumaoni art often is geometrical in nature, while Garhwali art is known for its closeness to nature. Other crafts of Uttarakhand include handcrafted gold jewellery, basketry from Garhwal, woollen shawls, scarves, and rugs. The latter are mainly produced by the Bhotiyas of northern Uttarakhand.
The primary food of Uttarakhand is vegetables with wheat being a staple, although non-vegetarian food is also served. A distinctive characteristic of Uttarakhand cuisine is the sparing use of tomatoes, milk, and milk based products. Coarse grain with high fibre content is very common in Uttarakhand due to the harsh terrain. Another crop which is associated with Uttarakhand is Buckwheat (locally called Madua or Jhingora), particularly in the interior regions of Kumaon and Garhwal. Generally, either Desi Ghee or Mustard oil is used for the purpose of cooking food. Simple recipes are made interesting with the use of hash seeds "Jakhiya" as spice. Bal Mithai is a popular fudge-like sweet. Other popular dishes include Dubuk, Chains, Kap, Chutkani, Sei, and Gulgula. A regional variation of Kadhi called Jhoi or Jholi is also popular. One of the major Hindu pilgrimages, Haridwar Kumbh Mela, takes place in Uttarakhand. Haridwar is one of the four places in India where this mela is organised. Haridwar most recently hosted the Purna Kumbh Mela from Makar Sankranti (14 January 2010) to Vaishakh Purnima Snan (28 April 2010). Hundreds of foreigners joined Indian pilgrims in the festival which is considered the largest religious gathering in the world. Kumauni Holi, in forms including Baithki Holi, Khari Holi and Mahila Holi, all of which start from Vasant Panchami, are festivals and musical affairs that can last almost a month. Ganga Dashahara, Vasant Panchami, Makar Sankranti, Ghee Sankranti, Khatarua, Vat Savitri, and Phul Dei are other major festivals. In addition, various fairs like Kanwar Yatra, Kandali Festival, Ramman, Harela mela, Nauchandi mela, Uttarayani mela and Nanda Devi Raj Jat Mela take place.

Festivals of Uttarakhand

The renowned fairs and festivals of uttarakhand is one of the major attractions of colorful culture of this state. Book your ticket now for the festive tours of uttarakhand to make the best moment of your life memorable as well exciting. Varieties of uttarakhand folk songs and dances will make you alive and will help you to feel their culture. During the festive period, the uttarakhand people come together to participate and enjoy. In ancient times, when the means of transport was so weak; this was the platform where people could meet with their friends and relatives on regular manner.
Fairs and festivals of uttarakhand are very much colorful and thrilling, and are the combination of three key factors i.e. Social, cultural and natural. Apart from the local festivals, a majority of chief indian festivals are also celebrated by uttarakhand people such as basant panchami, harela, bhitauli, batsavitri, phooldei, dikar puja, ganga dusshera, olgi or ghee sankranti, ghuian ekadashi, khatarua and ghughutia.
Bat savitri:
Uttarakhand state is known for exceptional culture and their people love to celebrate each and every festival with a great deal of dedication and enthusiasm. Bat savitri is a special festival in which the lead role is played by married woman. In this festival women observe fast from morning and pray for the goodness of their husband. Goddess savitri and the banyan tree have special importance for this festival. Goddess savitri was the one who fought against death and forced yama to return the life of her husband. On the other hand, the banyan tree is assumed as holy tree and the story of goddess savitri is also associated with this.
When the festival bat savitri celebrated?
The festival bat savitri is celebrated every year on krishna amavasya which held in the month of jyestha. If you are following english calendar then you’ll find celebration of this festival in the month of june.
Khatarua:
Khatarua is the special festival which is celebrated by uttarakhand people for the betterment of agriculture and animals. On this auspicious occasion majority of events are organized such as children dance around lighting bonfires, clutching colorful flags and lots more. Animals are given more attention on this day as this festival is completely dedicated to them.
On the day of khatarua, several villages are getting together at some place and organize every moment of this event. India is known as packages of wonderful cultures and here you’ll find the true meaning of colorful culture. This festival is usually celebrated in the month of september i.e. First day of the month of ashwin. Amongst various popular festivals of uttarakhand, khatarua has unique importance as it is dedicated for animal and agriculture that are the most beautiful part of our nature.
Makar sankranti:
Fairs and festivals are the key part of our lives that gives us a unique feel of entertainment and we all know india is the ancient lands of culture and heritage. Varieties of festivals for frequent occasions are celebrated all across the country containing their own importance; makar sankranti is one amongst them and quite popular as well. It is an auspicious festival and is celebrated in several cultural forms with huge devotion, enthusiasm and joyfulness. The unique thing about this festival is it’s always celebrated on 14th january and possibly this is only one occasion of india that held on the same date apart from few exceptions. If one would like to experience the beauty of colorful indian culture then yes this should be their ultimate destination. Numerous people also take a dip in the river ganga and pray to the god sun; it’s assumed that this is the best way of coming out from the sin you’ve committed in your life.
Cock fights are also organized in numerous villages and coastal areas on this suspicious day. One can assume makar sankranti as the best festivals of india. Varieties of cuisines are prepared on this day that give additional beauty to this festival.
Basant panchami:
Basant panchami is the sacred hindu festival which celebrates the coming of spring season. This festival is also referred as sripanchami and indicates the end of winter season. The festival of basant panchami is celebrated on the month of magh according to hindu calendar and normally falls in end of january or early february. It also marks the starting of holi baithaks. In this festival people worship goddess saraswati, wear yellow clothes, eat yellow food. In some places people also put yellow tilak on their foreheads to welcome the spring season. People also celebrate this festival by flying kites and organizing various competition for the same.
Chippla jaat:
From pre-historic time state of uttarakhand is well famous for its authentic tradition and festivals. Chippla jaat is a notable festival which is happening in the state of uttarakhand annually. Ritual belief in the state of uttarakhand is quite fascinating as well as divine importance. Chippla jaat is one such festival having social importance. On this secession native people from different villages of dharchula and gorikhal regions reach kedardwe and najurikote. The yatra (trip) starts from khela; they go through thick forests and rockland. To keep up the divinity of yatra, peoples preferred to go there barefoot. With the followers, on the first day this divine yatra reach till barmano, which is followed by the divine rhythms of folk drums, bhankaras and neja.
On the second day of this trip, this yatra goes through the thick forest, on that day the trip finally destined in brahmkund which is approximately 17 km far from chippla jaat. On the third day the trip is destined on back to najurikote. On the way the worshippers dips taken in the holy water of kedardwe pond. On the same night, pilgrims come back to brahmkund after covering 35 kms almost.
The next day an i.e. Fourth day pilgrim visit jyulital, patojkund and finally reaches in bhaiman kund that is approximately 16 kms far from the destination. Also in bhramakund there is a small lake, pilgrims take a small bath in this holy lake, it is a belief that the water in bhramakund is capable of washing ones sine’s away. Possibly on that night peoples stay over there. Fifth day is the last day in this yatra, baram in the gori valley is the final destination in this event. The festival “chippla jaat” is blended with various cultures, worship, devotees’ presence, natural scenario and various authentic folk dances. Come and explore this beautiful tradition.
Ganga Dusshera or Dasar:
The river ganga has very crucial religious importance across the country as it is regarded as the most holly river. The river is loved as a mother and acclaimed as a goddess. It is assumed that people can come out from their sin after taking a deep into its holly water. Thus, it’s not wrong to say ganga dusshera or dasar has very special appearance and significance in people’s heart. This festival is celebrated almost every part of india but for uttarakhand people it is more important. The festival is celebrated by uttarakhand people with full of enthusiasm and dedication.
When the festival ganga dusshera celebrated?
Ganga dusshera is usually celebrated in the month of may-june (jaishtha as per hindi calendar). People are quite excited about this festival and they celebrate with full of cheerfulness. Taking dip into the holy water of ganga has very special importance in this festival.
Harela and Bhitauli:
If you’re planning to have a trip to uttarakhand then there are few cultural festivals you must participate; harela and bhitauli festival is the one amongst them. Majority of regional as well as national festivals are celebrated by the people of uttarakhand and this determines the cultural standard of this state.
Harela and bhitauli festival basically belong to kumaon region and celebrated on the 9th day of the navratri every year. On the eve of this festival women belong to kumaon region load the basket with soil and plant seeds of seven categories of grains. Next day, yellow leaves generated which is also called harela. These leaves are cut on the tenth day and people put the same on their head and behind their ears. The day of the festival is completed with full of joy and happiness. Along with that on the day of this auspicious occasion, brothers also give some beautiful gifts to their sisters.
In short, harela and bhitauli is one of the extremely popular festivals of uttarakhand where you can experience the exceptional cultural background of uttarakhand. No matters in which part of the world you belong, participate into this festivals if you’re really interested in exploring indian culture.
Hilljatra:
Hilljatra- one of the famous traditional festivals celebrated in the state of uttarakhand, especially in pictograph district. Hilljatra is principally related to ropai (paddy plantation) and some major other agricultural resources. It is also a belief that the festival hilljatra is celebrated because of the remembrance of champawat rulers. Another epic saying related to this festival is that, chand dynasty king kuru, went once to sorar (a place in british india, now part of nepal) to participate hilljatra festival, he was able to sacrifice a buffalo with horns covering the neck. Peoples became happy and for this reason they decide to gift something to emperor kuru. To celebrate this event emperor kuru decided to initiate a festival in the sor valley of himalaya. So he named that celebration as “hilljatra” later after every year his followers celebrated this festival.
Apart sor valley, the festival is also celebrated in west nepal regions, kumaour villages. Bajethi villages, kanalichhina and askot regions. Hill jatra is the unique attraction in this festival. It is the most virtual section in this event, white colored deer is considered as gods. In the second part of this festival there is a presentation of different so agricultural activities. The masks which are wearing by performers are found more entertaining to the viewers. A circle dance namely “chanchari” is conducted in the third and last part of this festival, it is appreciable that peoples are still participating and organizing this historical festival without any loss in authenticity.
Janopunyu:
Janopunyu festival comes amongst famous hindu festivals of india. The festival is broadly celebrated in uttarakhand especially by the people belong to kumaon region. On this auspicious day, people use to change their janeu (special hindu religious importance). You will also find a grand bagwal fair at devidhura belong to champawat district. The fair is quite popular as it is organized at the trijunction of almora, nainital and pithoragarh i.e. Devidhura.
Nandadevi rajjaat yatra:
Nandadevi rajjaat yatra is a globally famous festival of uttarakhand and india. This is a whole three weeks festival and people not only from garhwal or kumaon region but also all over india come to participate. If you want to see the standard combination of colorful indian culture and cheerfulness of people then this festival is must to visit. The nandadevi rajjaat yatra is initiated from the nauti village (this village is only 20 km away from the karnaprayag tehsil of indian state of uttarakhand). The ceremony is inaugurated by the kunwar of village kansua. There are many ancient religious stories associated with this. The unique thing about this festival is when it starts, heavy rains stars. It is assumed according to religious concern that the devi is crying.
How to reach nandadevi rajjaat yatra?
People can reach to this place via all the three way i.e. Railway, airway and roadway. Jolly grant airport dehradun is the nearest airport. If you prefer railway and planning to go this place from haridwar, dehradun or kotdwar then the nearest railway station is rishikesh but in case you are planning to start your journey from kumaun then kathgodam will be your nearest railway stations. This place is also well-connected from all the major cities of uttarakhand. Hire a vehicle or travel through bus, you can easily reach to this place.
Olgia (ghee sankranti):
Fairs and festivals specify the cultural background of any state and it’s completely true to say that uttarakhand has extremely wealthy culture as majority of fairs and festivals are celebrated in different part of uttarakhand. When you start talking about the most famous festivals of uttarakhand then a special attention must be given to olgia. Olgia is an extremely popular regional festival of uttarakhand which is usually celebrated in the middle of august every year (as per the georgian calendar).
Olgia festival is dedicated to overall growth of the state as you’ll find the entire fields green and growing during this festive occasion. Even the trees you’ll find with fruits thus this festival is regarded as the notification for wealth, pleasure and contentment. During the festival, giving and taking gifts is common tradition. As per the religious concern the festival is also known as ghee sankranti.
When the festival olgia celebrated?
Olgia festival is celebrated in the middle of august i.e. The first day of bhado. So come uttarakhand and explore its stunning culture by attending several fairs and festivals organized and celebrated over here.
Phool devi:
Phool dei is one of the most courteous harvest festivals celebrated by the uttrakhand people. It is a very special festival which shows the welcoming of spring season. The festival of phool dei is held on the first day of the month of chaitra in middle march according to georgian calendar. Young girls are most keen to participate in phool dei festival. They gather together and go all the houses in the village and fill their plates with jaggery, flowers, curd, rice, green leaves and coconut. These young girls offer their good wishes for the wealth of the family and are given blessings and gifts which everyone enjoys and welcome.
People sing the chaiti, riturain, and other songs welcoming spring and are given money, presents, and food grains. Sei, a special dish prepared from jaggery, flour, and curd is offered to anybody who visits in this ceremony. Door steps are decorated with leaves and flowers to spread positive message of phool dei.
Uttarakhandi holi: Probably you’ve heard about holi, one of the renowned festivals of india. It is a special festival of the year to become closer to your beloved ones with splashing colors. This festival is celebrated across india with great excitement and happiness. Talking about holi festival, it is quite difficult to ignore uttarakhandi holi. It has not only mythological importance but also quite closer to the heart of people; they love to celebrate it with full of passion and cheerfulness.
Musical holi of uttarakhand can be subdivided into its two subparts such as the baithki holi and the khadi holi. Both types of holi have unique existence and significance. The songs belong to the baithki holi songs are truly based on the classical ragas amalgamated along with the folk music of kumaun region, whereas the songs belong to khadi holi are sung by ‘holiyars’ (group of men) with the help of dhol and hurka.

Fairs of Uttarakhand:

Haatkalika:

As one of famous fairs of uttarakhand, haatkalika fair is organized on the eighth day of the month of the chaitra and bhado. The celebration of the fair is done in the kalika temple @gangolihat. People come from diverse places to this place for devotion of maa kalika. It’s believed here the wishes of true devotees are fulfilled here by maa kalika. So visit uttarakhand and get the actual view of colorful culture of uttarakhand district that will make you alive and provide you exceptional memory. You can come to uttarakhand throughout the years but visiting this place during fairs or festivals enable you to capture ultimate and unforgettable memories.

Jageshwar:

Jageshwar fair is a famous fair of uttarakhand as well as india and organized in the honor of lord jageshwar. The extremely popular jageshwar temple is located almost 32km away from almora and amongst 12 jyotirlingam of lord shiva. The fair is completely dedicated to lord shiva and has immense religious importance. If you want to reach jageshwar fair then it is quite easy to reach from any region of the uttarakhand, however the nearest place is almora.
When jageshwar fair celebrated?
Jageshwar fair is celebrated in the month of shravan. Thousands of pilgrims and devotees come to this place for the worship of lord shiva with their heart and soul.

Janopunyu:

Janopunyu festival comes amongst famous hindu festivals of india. The festival is broadly celebrated in uttarakhand especially by the people belong to kumaon region. On this auspicious day, people use to change their janeu (special hindu religious importance). You will also find a grand bagwal fair at devidhura belong to champawat district. The fair is quite popular as it is organized at the trijunction of almora, nainital and pithoragarh i.e. Devidhura.

Nanda devi fair:

Nandadevi fair is the extremely popular and best known fair of kumaon region which is celebrated by the people with full of joy and excitement. The fair is organized and celebrated in various places of uttarakhand such as almora, bageshwar, nainital, bhowali, milam, martoli and kot (dangoli) during the month of september. The fair has been celebrating in the kumaon region since the time when the chand kings were ruling over here. The main nandadevi fair is organized in the almora town as the famous nandadevi temple is situated over here. This is a five days festivals and large number of tourists comes this place to attend this festival.

Purnagiri fair:

Purnagiri fair is organized by the temple of shri purnagiri on the eve of navratri. The temple is quite popular and located just a distance of 20 kilometer from tanakpur. The temple is also recognized as ‘punyagiri’. You can find a large number of devotees during this period, however massive crowd can be found here throughout the year. It’s not so tough to reach this place; reach upto thuligaarh by vehicle and rest of the part you can travel through trek.
When purnagiri fair celebrated?
This fair is celebrated every year on the eve of vishuwat sankranti and attracts thousands of people to reach this place.

Bagwal - devidhura fair:

The land of uttrakhand is known for its religious festivity, sanctity, and holy fervor. The exceptional culture tradition of this state invites people from every part to see the wonderful story of religious and cultural festivals. One of these fairs in the land of uttarakhand is a very unusual tradition called bagwal where people from nepal, kumaon, and other places dances and sing and throw small pebbles at each other to show their ecstasy.
The bagwal fair is held on the day of raksha-bandhan, at varahi devi temple, devidhura on the month of sravan. This fair is popular for enchanting traditional songs and dances and during bhagwal festival two groups of singing & dancing pelt stones at each other while they try to defend themselves with big wooden shields.

Jauljibi and thal fair:

Fairs and festivals have very crucial role in providing a package of entertainment to our day-to-day routines. As we all know, indian has diversity of culture, thus fairs and festivals vary based on the region. Jauljibi and thal fairs belong to pithorgarh district of uttarakhand and introduced as the most popular fairs of uttarakhand. Surrounded by the snow clad mountains, jauljibi and thal are the most pictorial destinations of uttarakhand where you can discover dense forests as well as rivers. Fair is the foremost attraction of these places; you can find massive crowd here during this time.
When jauljibi and thal fairs celebrated?
The jauljibi fair is celebrated on the auspicious occasion of makar sankranti which is held in the month of february at this place, whereas the thal fairs is celebrated on vaisakhi sankranti which is held in the month of april here.

Kumbh mela:

A visit to kumbh mela is the finest way of discovering the cultural and spiritual background of india. It’s not solely well-liked in india however all across the planet. Mass numbers of individuals gather on this eve to celebrate and luxuriate in. Taking bathe within the sacred stream has terribly crucial significance as per the religious concern. This fair is organized in four locations of india i.e. Prayag, haridwar, ujjain and nasik. Visiting india while not kumbh mela, is actually partial as here you'll be able to expertise the true means of colorful indian culture. Kumbh mela has not solely its national popularity however international yet and this is often the explanations why thousands of pilgrims from everywhere the planet come india so as to participate during this event with full of excitement and tremendous religion. Varieties of activities are organized throughout the mela to entertain the individuals and providing exceptional memory to keep for their entire life.

Somnath (masi):

Somnath fair, also introduced as the masi somnath fair which is organized at masi in uttarakhand and is the hub of tourists. Masi is one amongst small villages of uttarakhand which is situated just 34 kilometers away from bhikiyasen and 54 kilometers from ranikhet. If you’re interested in exploring the beauty of the people and culture of the uttarakhand then attending somnath could be a well-thought decision.
When somnath fairs celebrated?
The fair is organized and celebrated on vishuwat sankranti day and it has also popularity as the fair of pali pachhaun. You can find the true color of uttarakhand culture during this period.

Syalde – bikhauti fair:

Uttarakhand has festive celebrations during the whole complete year and fairs represent an important part of these festivals. The syalde bikhauti has an ancient history which dates back to the 14th century. This fair is celebrated on the day of vishuwat sankranti. The fair of syalde bikhuati is held in the old town of dwarahat. A day prior, this similar fair celebrated at vibhandeshwar in which lord shiva is worshipped. The baat pujai is made by naujyula group on the very first day of syalde bikhauti fair. After doing worshipping and prayers of sheetla devi the fair begins.

Uttarayani fair fair:

Another foremost attraction of uttarakhand district is the uttarayani fair which is quite popular amongst local people as well as tourists. This fair is organized in various places of uttarakhand such as bageshwar, sult mahadev, chitrashila (ranibagh), rameshwar and hanseshwar etc. And this attracts massive crowd across the world. The fair has immense significance if you consider cultural and social aspect of the state. The day of the uttarayani fair is really superb and thrilling; people enjoy the music with singing and dancing all night long.
The uttarayani fair has very long history; it has also played vital role during the freedom movement. Several musical performances are given by the popular artists here. Nowadays, this fair has become the vital commercial hub where numerous items such as iron and copper pots, casks, baskets, bamboo mats, articles, matresses, carpets, herbs, blankets and spices are vended.
When the uttarayani fair celebrated?
The uttarayani fair is celebrated on the auspicious occasion of makar sankranti which held in the month of january.

 

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